Patents are granted – irrespectively on the field of technology – for inventions, which are new, possess a level of invention and can be used in industry.
An invention is considered as new if it is not a part of the state of the art.
An invention is considered as possessing the level of invention if such invention does not clearly originate, for an expert, from the state of the art.
An invention is considered as suitable for industrial application if according to this invention a product can be obtained or method used, in the technical sense, in any industrial activity, not excluding agriculture.
A utility model is a new and useful solution of technical character pertaining to shape, design or arrangement of an object of permanent form.
An industrial design is a new, and having individual character, form of a product or part thereof, attributed to it, in particular, by features of lines, contours, shapes, colouring, structure or material of this product and by its ornamentation.
A trade mark, house brand (so-called firm’s logo) or service mark can be any sign allowing for distinguishing goods of one enterprise from goods of another enterprise, which can be presented in the trade marks register in such way so that clear and precise fixing of the subject of protection provided be possible.
The integrated circuit topography means a solution consisting in spatial arrangement of elements, expressed in any way, with at least element being active, and all or part of connections of the integrated circuit.